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  1. Surely most of you guys have heard about the Kuna Indians in the San Blas island, Panama. Such a population is well known for its heavy consumption of cocoa drinks (they don't have a reliable water source). They use unprocessed ground cocoa beans and bananas as a sweetener. Their average daily polyphenols content has been estimated at about 2000 mg/day (2 grams per day). Cocoa is especially rich in the (-) epicatechin molecule, present as a monomer or chained in larger molecules up to polymers. Flavanols, the Kuna, Cocoa Consumption, and Nitric Oxide After having consulted two databases on polyphenols and proanthocyanines (PAs) and various articles with analyses on cocoa powders (all related in the longecity thread) , I've calculated that 100 grams of unprocessed (undutched) cocoa powder on the average may contain 5% in weight polyphenols (5 g/100g). So, if we are not out of luck, hitting on a statistical outlier ot low percentile product, we can reach the polyphenol amount ingested by the kuna indians by ingesting 40 grams of unprocessed, unsweetened cocoa powder. This may be done by drinks but also by the following recipe, which I tried tonite and calle 'Kunana (Kuna Indians banana): Kunana 200 grams mashed bananas 8 tablespoons cacao powder, mixed thoroughly with a fork to the mashed bananas. The resulting paste is delicious, nourishing and appeasing. Most important, it yields the same average daily amount of polyphenols of an average Kuna Indian. So, by extrapolation, we should be able to enjoy the same well known cardiovascular benefits of the Kunas, and more. By the way, such a recipe can consitute a 352 kCal meal. I wonder what you guys think about it, positive and negative comments, like the possible excess in caffeine and theobromine and in toxic metals. This is the cronometer breakup of a Kunana meal as described above.