KHashmi317 Posted February 4, 2016 Report Share Posted February 4, 2016 With recent lifting of U.S. sanctions of Cuba, and improved overall (more open) communication, let's hope some university or organization can take advantage of this historical data... The full 2006 documentary --The Power of Community - How Cuba Survived Peak Oil -- is online: Esp. starting at: 14:00 Also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Period#Famine Nutrition fell from 3,052 calories per day in 1989 to 2,099 calories per day in 1993. Other reports indicate even lower figures, 1,863 calories per day. Some estimated that the very old and children received only 1,450 calories per day. The recommended minimum is 2,100–2,300 calories. The Special Period's malnutrition created epidemics, but it had positive effects too. Manuel Franco describes the Special Period as "the first, and probably the only, natural experiment, born of unfortunate circumstances, where large effects on diabetes, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality have been related to sustained population-wide weight loss as a result of increased physical activity and reduced caloric intake". A paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology, says that "during 1997-2002, there were declines in deaths attributed to diabetes (51%), coronary heart disease (35%), stroke (20%), and all causes (18%). An outbreak of neuropathy and a modest increase in the all-cause death rate among the elderly were also observed." This was caused by how the population tried to reduce the energy store without reducing the nutritional value of the food. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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