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Lipids and mTOR activation


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This is an article listed by AlPater in his citations. Thanks to AlPater for sedulously providing a selection on the recent relevant literature, a pretty time-consuming job by itself.


I have yet to read the full text, but the implications here are that dietary lipids may not be neutral to mTOR signalling, as so far it has been believed by the nutritional community (for example: Dr Ron Rosedale whose low-carb, hi fat,  low protein diet follows the rationale that fats do not contribute to mTOR signalling). 


So we get back to dietary vs. serum vs cellular/lysosomal cholesterol.


Lysosomal cholesterol activates mTORC1.
Ray LB.
Science. 2017 Mar 24;355(6331):1277-1279. doi: 10.1126/science.355.6331.1277-q. Epub 2017 Mar 23. No abstract available.
PMID: 28336650
The mTORC1 kinase is a master nutrient sensor that governs cellular metabolism. When dysregulated, this kinase drives several human diseases, including cancer and diabetes. Recent work has delineated a pathway through which amino acids regulate mTORC1. In contrast, little is known about how sterols may affect mTORC1 signaling. Castellano et al. provide detailed mechanistic evidence for how cholesterol, derived from the processing of low-density lipoprotein in the lysosomal lumen, drives mTORC1 signaling. They identify the key players that couple lysosomal cholesterol levels to mTORC1 activation. Unexpectedly, the putative amino acid transporter SLC38A9, which is implicated in mTORC1 regulation by arginine, is essential for mTORC1 activation by cholesterol. Furthermore, the authors uncover a physical and functional interaction between SLC38A9 and the major lysosomal cholesterol transporter, Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) protein. The SLC38A9-NPC1 complex is key to the ability of mTORC1 to respond to variations in dietary lipid supply.

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